Euonymus • Spindle Tree • ニシキギ • 錦木 • nishiki-gi
There are several different euonymus plants in SJG: e. alatus, e. fortunei, e. hamiltonianum, e. kiautschovicus, e. myrianthus & e. sieboldianus.
The most common euonymus, ‘burning bush’ (euonymus alatus, or winged spindle tree) is usually the only one pointed out to visitors. While the burning bush calls for attention because of the spectacularly red color of leaves in autumn, other euonymus plants set colorful fruit in fall and are also interesting to note.
Euonymus sieboldianus, like e. alatum and hamiltonianus, is deciduous (unlike e. myrianthus, which is evergreen). It grows in Area L, past the E gate and behind (and South of) mature pieris japonica – it is well visible from the path to those who pay closer attention.
Corinne and Kathy contributed research to this post and the plant’s correct name, which actually is: Euonymus hamiltonianus ssp sieboldianus.
Wikipedia on genus Euonymus in general: Euonymus, often called spindle or spindle tree, is a genus of flowering plants in the staff vine family, Celastraceae. It comprises about 130 species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs and small trees. They are mostly native to East Asia, extending to the Himalayas, and they are also distributed in Europe, Australasia, North America, and Madagascar. 50 species are endemic to China.
The flowers occur in small groups, inconspicuous and of green or yellow shades. The leaves are opposite (rarely alternate) and simple ovoid, typically 2–15 cm long, and usually with a finely serrated margin. The fruit is a pink-red four- or five-valved pod-like berry, which splits open to reveal the fleshy-coated orange seeds.
The seeds are eaten by frugivorous birds, which digest the fleshy seed coat and disperse the seeds in their droppings. Many species are used for medicinal use, and parts of the plants can be poisonous to humans. […]
From Deeproot (U.K.): botanical name:Euonymus hamiltonianus ssp. sieboldianus
common name: Spindle, Yeddo Euonymus
synonyms: Euonymus yedoensis, Euonymus vidalii, Euonymus sieboldianus, Euonymus semiexsertus, Euonymus nikoensis, Euonymus hians
Large deciduous shrub or small spreading tree. Freely produced, small pale pink fruits in autumn, enclosing the bright orange-red seeds. […]