|Anemone nemorosa •||Wood Anemone •||ヤブイチゲ •||藪一華 •||yabu-ichige|
It grows under the trees in several areas of JG (C, N, O, Y); it is an early-spring flowering plant (in our Garden late February through late April) in the genus Anemone in the family Ranunculaceae (buttercup), native to Europe. Most sources describe it as white with a sometime-hint of pink of purple, but ours is definitely lavender-blue (see a note below about cultivars from Munchkin Nursery: Anemone nemorosa Allenii has nice size blooms of soft blue…)
Common names include wood anemone, windflower and thimbleweed. It is a perennial herbaceous plant growing 2–5 in tall. (We also have Japanese Windflower, Anemone hupehensis ‘Alba’, reportedly growing by the fence in area D, but I’m yet to discover it).
From ARKive (UK non-for-profit initiative/resource for conservation, education and public awareness): […] Wood anemone is an attractive plant that often indicates the site of old woodland. Each stem has a single, white, star-shaped flower, often flushed with pink or purple. Halfway up the hairless flower stem grows a whorl of stalked, palm-shaped leaves and leave stems grow from the root. […]
From Modern Herbal: […] Anemone (Wood) has a long, tough, creeping root-stock, running just below the surface; it is the quick growth of this root-stock that causes the plant to spread so rapidly, forming large colonies in the moist soil of wood and thicket. The deeply-cut leaves and star-like flowers rise directly from it on separate unbranched stems. Some distance below the flower are the three leaflets, often so deeply divided as to appear more than three in number and very similar to the true leaves. They wrap round and protect the flower-bud before it unfolds, but as it opens, its stalk lengthens and it is carried far above them.
The flower has no honey and little scent, and apparently relies little on the visits of insects for the fertilization of its one-celled seed-vessels, which are in form like those of the butter-cup, arranged in a mass in the centre of the many stamens, and are termed achenes. As in all the Anemones, there are no true petals, what seem so are really the sepals, which have assumed the colouring and characteristics of petals. They are six in number, pure white on the upper surfaces and pale rose-coloured beneath.
In sunshine, the flower is expanded wide, but at the approach of night, it closes and droops its graceful head so that the dew may not settle on it and injure it. If rain threatens in the daytime, it does the same, receiving the drops upon its back, whence they trickle of harmlessly from the sepal tips. The way the sepals then fold over the mass of stamens and undeveloped seed-vessels in their centre has been likened to a tent, in which, as used fancifully to be said by country-folk, the fairies nestled for protection, having first pulled the curtains round them. […]
From Munchkin Nursery and Gardens: […] Anemone nemorosa originates from the floors of deciduous forest in Europe and NE Asia for a cold hardiness of at least Zone 5. […] Anemone nemorosa have long been garden favorites in Europe, are easy to grow and propagate, so it is always a surprise not to see more of them in nurseries and garden centers. There are also numerous named cultivars to collect and it is hard to stop with only the species. Anemone nemorosa Allenii has nice size blooms of soft blue. […]