Camellia • Camellia • ツバキ • 椿 • tsubaki
There are 6 camellias listed in area I: one c. oleifera and five c. japonica. Of the five japonicas two specific names are known (‘Hino Maru’ and ‘Prince Eugene Napoleon’) and three are unknown, listed only as ‘c. japonica’. This post is for one of the unknown, described in the Plant List as ‘5’ tall, pale pink double, fades to white, close to East Gate’; it sits close to the fence, but is well visible from the path.
General info on camelia japonica from wikipedia: Camellia japonica (the Japanese camellia) is one of the best known species of the genus Camellia. Sometimes called the Rose of winter, it belongs to the Theaceae family. It is the official state flower of Alabama.
In the wild, it is found in mainland China (Shandong, east Zhejiang), Taiwan, southern Korea and southern Japan. It grows in forests, at altitudes of around 300–1,100 metres (980–3,610 ft). […] In the wild, flowering is between January and March. The flowers appear along the branches, particularly towards the ends, and have very short stems. They occur either alone or in pairs, and are 6–10 centimetres (2.4–3.9 in) across. […] The genus Camellia was named after a Jesuit priest and botanist named George Kamel. The specific epithet japonica was given to the species by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 because Engelbert Kaempfer was the first to give a description of the plant while in Japan.
From Home Guides in SFgate: […] Symbolism
The Japanese camellia is strongly symbolic in many cultures and certain plants are highly prized. The white-flowered camellia “Daijohkan” long flourished in the garden of an imperial castle in Nagoya, Japan. Propagation of “Daijohkan” was officially prohibited until 1964 because of its exalted status as a palace plant. The language of flowers, which flourished in Victorian times, assigned emotional messages or meanings to various flowers. White camellias stood for true excellence and faithfulness. Red blossoms were symbols of beauty. Unlike other floral emblems of beauty, the Japanese camellia has no fragrance. […]
County Line Nursery in Byron, GA, has tons of pictures and descriptions of camellias; here is a link to their ‘camellia japonica’ page A through E – once you there, click on the remaining three pages of camellias on top or bottom of the page…