Cornus • Dogwood • ハナミズキ• 花水木 • hana-mizuki
One of the earliest flowering trees in SJG is Cornelian cherry, a smallish deciduous tree growing in area L along the fence. The visitors almost never can see its yellow bloom, as the garden is usually closed in February when it occurs; this year, lucky for visitors, the tree is still in bloom in early March…
So, is it a dogwood or a cherry? Both, it appears – From ArborDay: With long-lasting brilliant yellow blossoms borne in round clusters, the Corneliancherry Dogwood is an outstanding choice for many landscapes. […]
From wikipedia: Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry , European cornel or Dogwood), (Armenian: հոն, Persian: زغال اخته, Turkish: Kızılcık, Azerbaijani: Zoğal)， Chinese: 山茱萸, is a species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae, native to southern Europe, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Iran and southwest Asia.
[…] Fruit: The berries when ripe on the plant bear a resemblance to coffee berries, and ripen in mid to late summer. The fruit is edible (mainly in Eastern Europe and Iran), but the unripe fruit is astringent. The fruit only fully ripens after it falls from the tree. When ripe, the fruit is dark ruby red or a bright yellow. It has an acidic flavour which is best described as a mixture of cranberry and sour cherry; it is mainly used for making jam, makes an excellent sauce similar to cranberry sauce when pitted and then boiled with sugar and orange, but also can be eaten dried.
[…] Flowers: The species is also grown as an ornamental plant for its late winter flowers, which open earlier than those of forsythia, and, while not as large and vibrant as those of the forsythia, the entire plant can be used for a similar effect in the landscape. […]
From Missouri Botanical Garden on Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’: Noteworthy Characteristics: […] Features tiny, star-like, yellow flowers borne in umbels which appear in late winter to early spring before the foliage. This cultivar typically flowers more abundantly than the species. Flowers give way to tiny red drupes which mature in the summer, but are often inconspicuous because hidden by the foliage. […]