Epimedium • Bishop’s Hat • イカリソウ • 碇草 • ikari-sō
EDIT: 4/17/15: Epimedium has 60 different species, 3 of which grow in our garden, all having common name ‘bishop’s hat’ and I had pics confused… Area B has epimedium grandiflorum and epimedium x youngianum “Niveum’ growing in common patch in SW corner of Area B (by the camellia ‘Nuccio’s Jewel’, surrounded by the ilex creanata ‘Sky Pencil). There is also epimedium sp. listed in Areas E and T. This post is about epimedium grandiflorum in B.
From wikipedia on epimedium: Epimedium, also known as Rowdy Lamb Herb, Barrenwort, Bishop’s Hat, Fairy Wings, Horny Goat Weed, or Yin Yang Huo (Chinese: 淫羊藿), is a genus of about 60 or more species of herbaceous flowering plants in the family Berberidaceae. The large majority are endemic to southern China, with further outposts in Europe, and central, southern and eastern Asia. […] Hugely popular as garden plants for centuries in Japan, Epimedium are only just beginning to garner attention in the West. While they vary somewhat in their respective hardiness, all are essentially dwellers of the forest floor, and, as such, all require fundamentally similar conditions of moist, free draining, humus rich soil and cool shade, with some shelter for the newly emerging leaves. […]
From wikipedia on epimedium grandiflorum: Epimedium grandiflorum is a species of flowering plant in the barberry family, Berberidaceae, that is native to China, Japan, and Korea. It may have aphrodisiac characteristics due to the presence of icariin and is believed to cause increased sexual activity in goats. It is commonly packed in a capsule with other ingredients or sold as herbal flakes or powder with the name “Horny Goat Weed” […]
From Fine Gardening: […] Longspur barrenwort is a clump-forming, deciduous, rhizomatous perennial. Leaves, light green and flushed bronze when young, are heart-shaped with spiny margins. Four-petaled white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers, hanging in clusters, appear in mid- and late spring. […]